SYNOPSIS: It proposes to establish that all the inhabitants of the country will have the same opportunities of transit in the national educational system, only satisfying the requirements that establish the general applicable dispositions.
It seeks that the Secretariat of Public Education within its powers is to regulate a national framework of qualifications and a national system of academic credits, which facilitate the transit of students through the National Education System; As well as, to issue, in the case of basic education studies, school control norms, which should facilitate the enrollment, re-enrollment, promotion, regularization, accreditation and certification of students' studies, besides correspondingly Exclusive to the local educational authorities to ensure that this attribution is fulfilled.
Likewise, it is proposed that the federal and local educational authorities concurrently may authorize or delegate, as the case may be, that particular institutions with official recognition of studies and public institutions that in their regulations do not have the Faculty express, grant revalidations and partial equivalences of studies regarding the plans and programs that they give, in accordance with the general guidelines that the Secretariat issues in terms of the Law.
Likewise, it establishes that the educational authorities may revoke said authorizations when there is a breach that in terms of the mentioned guidelines merits said sanction; Proposes that the records of revalidation and equivalence of studies must be registered in the Information and Educational Management System, in the terms established by the Ministry of Public Education; In addition, to sign the agreements and conventions that facilitate the national and international transit of students, as well as to promote the signing of treaties in the matter.
It is proposed that educational authorities, within their measures tending to establish conditions that allow the full exercise of the right to quality education, should be directed preferentially to those who belong to groups and regions with greater educational lags, dispersed or facing situations Of vulnerability due to specific socioeconomic, physical, mental, cultural identity, ethnic or national origin, migratory situation, or related to gender, sexual preference, religious beliefs or cultural practices.
The opinion states that educational authorities will take measures to guarantee access to basic and upper secondary education, even if applicants do not have academic or identity documents; This obligation will be satisfied with the provision of quality educational services; They will offer options that facilitate the obtaining of the referred documents, as well as, in the case of basic and upper secondary education, the location by grade, school cycle or corresponding educational level, according to age, evolutionary development, cognitive and maturity, And, if applicable, know that the students demonstrate prior evaluation; And seeks to promote similar actions in the case of higher education.
Proposes that the educational authorities publish, in the corresponding official information body and on their electronic portals, a list of the institutions to which they have granted authorization or recognition of official validity of studies, as well as those which they have authorized to revalidate or Equate studies.
It is sought that the certificates, certificates, diplomas, degrees or degrees issued by the national educational institutions are registered in the Information and Educational Management System and will be valid throughout the Republic.
The reform states that studies conducted within the national education system may be declared equivalent to each other by educational levels, grades or school cycles, academic credits, or other learning units.
One of the reforms to the law, establishes that educational authorities and institutions that grant revalidations and equivalences will promote the simplification of these procedures, according to the principles of celerity, impartiality, flexibility and affordability. In addition, they will promote the use of electronic verification mechanisms for the authenticity of documents issued outside and within the national education system.
It points out that the revalidations and equivalence granted in terms of article 63 shall be valid throughout the Republic and that educational authorities may authorize or delegate, as the case may be, that private institutions with official validity of studies and public institutions Their regulations do not have the express faculty, they grant revalidations and partial equivalences of studies with respect to the plans and programs that they give, in accordance with the general guidelines that the Secretariat issues.
It is proposed that the educational authorities may revoke said authorizations, when there is a breach that in terms of the aforementioned guidelines merits said sanction. The above regardless of any infractions that could be configured.
Under its transitional regime, it is established that the expenses generated by the entry into force of the decree must be covered by the budget approved to the Secretariat of Public Education in the current fiscal year and subsequent, so any changes to its Organic structure derived from the application of the Decree will be made through compensated movements in accordance with the applicable legal provisions.
Stipulates that within a period not exceeding twelve months, counted from the entry into force of the Decree, the Secretariat of Public Education will issue the proposed regulations; Likewise, for the issuance of guidelines, standards and criteria, the Secretariat will have 60 calendar days from the entry into force of the Decree.
It points out that public institutions of higher education may conclude agreements with the federal educational authority so that information related to their formalities of revalidation and equalization of studies, as public information, according to fraction II of article 75 of the General Law of Transparency and Access to Public Information, be incorporated into the Information and Educational Management System; Finally, stipulates that educational authorities may coordinate with other institutions to implement emergency plans and affirmative actions aimed at caring for people in vulnerable situations to which the law refers.